The Nature of Fiscal Policy in Islam as an Effort to Realize The Concept of Prosperity

Authors

  • Nasrudin Nasrudin UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30736/jes.v8i2.571

Keywords:

essence, Islam, fiscal policy

Abstract

This study aims to find out and explain about the nature of fiscal policy in Islam as an effort to create a society based on a balanced wealth distribution. This research is descriptive analysis using qualitative data as the type of research and literature study as one of the data collection techniques. This research concludes that: First, in Islam there are limits on fiscal policy as a step to change the tax or expenditure system with the aim of overcoming the economic problems faced by the government; Second, Islamic fiscal policy became part of the religious (diyanatan) and state (qadaan) provisions; Third, fiscal policy instruments in Islam include state revenues and expenditures, which in turn are managed to realize the concept of prosperity.

References

Aini, Ihda. “Kebijakan Fiskal dalam Ekonomi Islamâ€, Al-Qisthu: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-Ilmu Hukum, Volume 17, Number 2 (December 2019).

Alfiah, Esti. “Pemikiran Ekonomi Umar bin Khaththab Tentang Kebijakan Fiskalâ€, Al-Intaj: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Perbankan Syariah, Volume 3, Number 1 (2017).

Chapra, M. Umer. Masa Depan Ilmu Ekonomi: Sebuah Tinjauan Islam. Jakarta: Gema Insani Press, 2001.

Heru, Muhammad, et.al.. “Kebijakan Fiskal Ekonomi Islamâ€, Jurnal Ilmiah Simantek, Volume 6, Number 2 (2022).

Huda, Miftahul. “Prinsip-Prinsip Keuangan Publik Islamâ€, Al-Intaj, Volume 4, Number 1 (2018).

Karbila, Ibnu Hasan, et.al.. “Kebijakan Fiskal pada Masa Rasulullah dan Sekarangâ€, AL-Muqayyad, Volume 3, Number 2 (2020).

Kunaifi, Aang. “Telaah Kritis Kebijakan Fiskal Perspektif Kaidah Fiqhâ€, ACTIVA: Jurnal Ekonomi Syari’ah, Volume 1, Number 1 (April 2018).

Latifah, Eny. “Penerapan Zakat, Infak, Sedekah dan Wakaf sebagai Strategi Kebijakan Fiskal pada Sharia Microfinance Institutionsâ€, IJIEF: Indonesian Journal of Islamic Economics and Finance, Volume 1, Number 1 (2021).

Lubis, Rukiah and Ulan Dari Daulay. “Peran Kebijakan Fiskal dalam Mengatasi Kemiskinan di Indonesia: Tinjauan Ekonomi Syariahâ€, TAZKIR: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial dan Keislaman, Volume 8, Number 1 (2022).

Markavia, Reisa Nadika, et.al.. “Fiscal Policy Instruments in Islamic Economic Perspective,†JIHBIZ: Jurnal Ekonomi, Keuangan, dan Perbankan Syariah, Volume 6, Number 2 (2022).

Mubarok, Ferry Khusnul. “Analisis Kebijakan Fiskal dalam Perspektif Ekonomi Islam; Sebuah Kajian Historis pada Masa Umar bin Khattabâ€, Jurnal Iqtisad: Reconstruction of Justice and Welfare for Indonesia, Volume 8, Number 1 (2021).

Nasrudin and Ani Fatimah Zahra Saifi. “Muhammad Baqir Al-Shadr’s Thoughts in Building A Fair Economic Systemâ€, JES: Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah, Volume 8, Number 1 (March 2023).

________ and Ending Solehudin. “Kontribusi Ekonomi Syariah dalam Pemulihan Ekonomi Indonesia di Masa Pandemi Covid-19â€, Asy-Syari’ah, Volume 23, Number 2 (2021).

Nazir, Moh.. Metode Penelitian. Bogor: Ghalia Indonesia, 2009.

Priyono, Sugeng. “Zakat Sebagai Instrumen dalam Kebijakan Fiskalâ€, Al-Mashlahah: Jurnal Hukum Islam dan Pranata Sosial Islam, Volume 1, Number 2 (2013).

Rahma, Tri Inda Fadhila. “Analisis Ekonomi Islam dalam Kebijakan Fiskal (APBN 2021) di Indonesiaâ€, JPTAM: Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai, Volume 5, Number 3 (2021).

Rahmawati, Lilik. “Kebijakan Fiskal dalam Islamâ€, Al-Qanun: Jurnal Pemikiran dan Pembaharuan Hukum Islam, Volume 11, Number 2 (December 2008).

________. “Sistem Kebijakan Fiskal Modern dan Islamâ€, OECONOMICUS Journal of Economics, Volume 1, Number 1 (December 2016).

Sukanto, Suerjono and Sri Mamudji. Penelitian Hukum Normatif: Suatu Tinjauan Singkat, cet. 11. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 2009.

Turmudi, Imam, “Kajian Kebijakan Fiskal dan Kebijakan Moneter dalam Islamâ€, An-Nawa:Jurnal Studi Islam, Volume 1, Number 2 (2019).

Waluyo, Agus. “Kebijakan Fiskal dan Upaya Mengatasi Disparitas Ekonomi Perspektif Islamâ€, Ijtihad: Jurnal Wacana Hukum Islam dan Kemanusiaan, Volume 17, Number 1 (2017).

Downloads

PlumX Metrics

Published

2023-06-10

How to Cite

Nasrudin, Nasrudin. “The Nature of Fiscal Policy in Islam As an Effort to Realize The Concept of Prosperity”. JES (Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah) 8, no. 2 (June 10, 2023): 101–111. Accessed July 16, 2024. http://jes.unisla.ac.id/index.php/jes/article/view/571.

Issue

Section

Articles