Paradigma Sistem Kapitalisme Dan Islam Tentang Welfare State

Muhammad Kambali

Abstract


Welfare state or better known as the term prosperous is a form of actualization of idealism that upholds the values of humanism. It containS a set of ideal ideas on how the state is able to serve its people. Capitalism as a modern economic system, which is first demonstrated by humans, built the concept of the walfere state on the philosophy of laizes fair, which manifested itself in a free market system that uphold the value of free faith liberalism. The state in the capitalist system has a famous role with the term minimal role which in the term Adam Smith is said to be no intervesion. These roles include defense security, enforcement of justice and providing and maintaining certain public facilities and institutions. While the concept of walfere state in Islam is an effort to synergize worldly material interests with the spiritual interests of ukrowiyah. In addition, the concept of the welfare state in Islam is also based on the principles of Tawhid, al-Adl and khilafah. The role of the government in the Islamic conception includes fulfilling basic needs and guaranteeing the achievement of spiritual values. The fundamental difference between the two views of this system lies in the aspect of its philosophical foundation.

 

Keywords: Walfare State, Laizes Fair, Tauhid, al-‘Adl

Full Text:

PDF 35-41

References


Chapra, M. Umar. “Negara Sejahtera dalam Islam dan Peranannya di Bidang Ekonomi” dalam Ainur R. Shopian (ed). Etika Ekonomi Politik. Surabaya: Risalah Gusti, 1997.

________. Islam dan Tantangan Ekonomi: Islamisasi Ekonomi Kotemporer, Terj. Nur Hadi Ihsan. Surabaya: Risalah Gusti, 1998.

Keraf, A. Sony. “Keadilan, Pasar Bebas dan Peran Pemerintah: Telaah Atas Etika Ekonomi Adam Smith” dalam Jurnal Prisma. edisi 9, September 1995.

Kamal, Mustafa (ed). Wawasan Islam dan Ekonomi: Sebuah Bunga Rampai. Jakarta: UI-Press, 1997.

Rosydi, Suherman. Pengantar Teori Ekonomi: Pendekatan Kepada Teori Ekonomi Mikro Dan Teori Ekonomi Makro. Jakrata: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 1998.

Suseno, Franz Magnis. Pemikiran Karl Marx: dari Sosialisme Uthopis Keperselisihan Revisionisme. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2003.

Sugiono, Muhadi. “Adam Smith dan Sistem Moral Kapitalisme: Tanggapan Atas Sony Keraf” dalam Jurnal Prisma. Vol. 2, Februari, 1996.

Sudarsono, Heri. Konsep Ekonomi Islam: Suatu Pengantar. Yogyakarta: Ekonisia, 2003.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30736/jes.v3i2.55

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 


Indexing at :

      
    

 

 

 

 

JES : Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Universitas Islam Lamongan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

 

 

Editorial Office

JES : Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Universitas Islam Lamongan

Jl. Veteran 53 A Lamongan, Kampus Universitas Islam Lamongan