Tax System Problems as a Cause of Sustainable Poverty in Japan

an Analysis of the Tax System in an Islamic View

Authors

  • Mohamad Latief University of Darussalam Gontor
  • Yulia Rimapradesi University of Darussalam Gontor
  • Mustika Cahyani University of Darussalam Gontor
  • Ratna Alfina Nurcahyani University of Darussalam Gontor

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30736/jes.v9i1.700

Keywords:

Taxes, Poverty, Japan, Secularism, Zakat

Abstract

Japan is one of the developed countries in East Asia. It can be seen from advances in technology, education and a high level of discipline. However, poverty has hit this country due to problems with the tax system and the increase in elderly people. The research methodology used in this research is a descriptive qualitative research method. This article aims to provide a solution to the problem of poverty that occurs in Japan through the implementation of a zakat system based on the Koran and Sunnah. The urgency of this research is to offer or propose a solution to the problem of poverty for the Japanese embassy. The results of this research show that persistent poverty in Japan can be eradicated by implementing a taxation system based on the concept of zakat nishab, so that tax payments do not burden those who pay zakat and there is no excess payment to avoid embezzlement of funds by greedy individuals.

Author Biography

Yulia Rimapradesi, University of Darussalam Gontor

dosen hubungan internasional

References

Abdussamad, Zuchri. Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Yogyakarta: Syakir Media Press, 2021.

Agustina, Dewi. “Jumlah Lansia di Jepang Capai Rekor Tertinggi 36,4 Juta Orang” in https://www.tribunnews.com/internasional/2021/09/20/jumlah-lansia-di-jepang-capai-rekor-tertinggi-364-juta-orang, accessed June, 13 2023.

________. “Kimito Shiga, Seorang Konsultan di Jepang Gelapkan Pajak Rp 29 Miliar” in https://www.tribunnews.com/internasional/2020/05/21/kimito-shiga-seorang-konsultan-di-jepang-gelapkan-pajak-rp-29-miliar, accessed June, 13 2023.

Aprilia, Amanda and Parmin. “Kritik Sosial dalam Film Shoplifters Karya Hirokazu Koreeda (Telaah Sosiologi Sastra).” Sapala 9, no. 02 (2022).

Chotban, Sippah and Azis Kasim. “Ketidakadilan Gender Perspektif Hukum Islam.” Al-Risalah: Jurnal Ilmu Syariah dan Hukum 20, no. 1 (Mei 2020).

Indriani, et al.. “Evaluasi Penerapan Automatic Exchange of Information (Studi Banding Indonesia dan Jepang),” Accounting Global Journal 5, no. 2 (2021).

Krisno, Pangeran Leko. “Kemajuan Industri dan Dampak Lingkungannya di Jepang Sebelum Tahun 1950.” Lensa Budaya: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Budaya 12, no. 1 (2017).

Lestari, Miming. “Konsep Pajak dalam Perspektif Ekonomi Islam (Studi Kasus di Kota Makassar).” Repository UIN Alauddin Makassar (2018).

Martia, Tia, et al.. “Fenomena Muen Shakai pada Kaum Lansia sebagai Dampak Perubahan Fungsi Keluarga di Jepang Tahun 2000-an.” Repository Universitas Darma Persada (2010).

Mulyana, Ade. “Strategi Pendayagunaan Zakat Produktif.” Muamalatuna: Jurnal Hukum Ekonomi Syariah 11, no. 2 (2019).

Muzayyanah and Heni Yulianti. “Mustahik Zakat dalam Islam (Studi Pendekatan Sosio Kultural Masyarakat).” Al-Mizan: Jurnal Hukum dan Ekonomi Islam 4, no. 1 (2020).

Pratama, Erwin Aditya. “Optimalisasi Pengelolaan Zakat Sebagai Sarana Mencapai Kesejahteraan Sosial: Sebuah Studi di Badan Amil Zakat Kota Semarang.” Skripsi—Universitas Negeri Semarang, 2013.

Puspitasari, Intan. “Suicide Among Japanese Elderly: Representation of Communication, Social Cohesion and Role Commitment.” Jurnal Bahasa Asing LIA 1, no. 1 (March 2020).

Ramadhan, Muhammad Rheza and Anindya Fauziyah Basuki. “Analisis Komparasi Kebijakan Perpajakan Transaksi E-Commerce yang Berlaku di Indonesia dengan Negara Lain (Uni Eropa, Australia, Korea Selatan, India, Tiongkok, Amerika Serikat, dan Jepang).” Jurnal British 2, no. 1 (2021).

Rini, Elizabeth Ika Hesti Aprilia Nindia. “Karakteristik Masyarakat Jepang.” Kiryoku: Jurnal Studi Kejepangan 1, no. 3 (2017).

Rosadi, Saud. “Populasi Lansia Jepang Meningkat Capai Rekor Baru” in https://www.niaga.asia/populasi-lansia-jepang-meningkat-capai-rekor-baru/, accessed June, 13 2023.

Rudiono and Havidz Ageng Prakoso. “Fathering Japan: Japan’s Strategy for Achieving Gender Equality in Response to UN Criticism.” JPA: Jurnal Perempuan dan Anak 5, no. 1 (2022).

Salamah, Annisa Maulida and Kurniawaty Iskandar, “Motivasi Tindakan Kriminal dan Tindakan Sosial dalam Fenomena Tahanan Lansia di Jepang.” Idea : Jurnal Studi Jepang 3, no. 1 (2021).

Sari, Tri Wahyu Mustika and Tri Mulyani Wahyuningsih. “Ciri Homeless di Jepang (Studi Kasus dalam Cerpen Akai Mayu Karya Abe Kobo).” UDiNus Repository (2015).

Simanjutak, Johnson. “Kena Denda Penggelapan Pajak Perusahaan Peralatan Medis Jepang Sekitar 29 Juta Yen” in https://www.tribunnews.com/internasional/2023/05/22/kena-denda-penggelapan-pajak-perusahaan-peralatan-medis-jepang-sekitar-29juta-yen, accessed June, 13 2023.

Sundari. “Zakat dalam Mendorong Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dan Pengentasan Kemiskinan.” Al-’Adalah: Jurnal Syariah dan Hukum Islam 3, no. 1 (2018).

Downloads

PlumX Metrics

Published

2024-01-05

How to Cite

Latief, Mohamad, Yulia Rimapradesi, Mustika Cahyani, and Ratna Alfina Nurcahyani. “Tax System Problems As a Cause of Sustainable Poverty in Japan: An Analysis of the Tax System in an Islamic View”. JES (Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah) 9, no. 1 (January 5, 2024): 15–26. Accessed June 13, 2024. https://jes.unisla.ac.id/index.php/jes/article/view/700.

Issue

Section

Articles